This profile compares Hamilton neighbourhoods to each other and
to Hamilton as a whole. The neighbourhoods having comparatively
high or low values on each characteristic are identified and the
extent of variability is noted. There is more detail on each neighbourhood
in the individual neighbourhood profiles.
This Profile is organized into the
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here to view all figures for the Neighbourhood Comparison Summary)
In 2001 the neighbourhood populations varied from a low of 20,588
in Dundurn 12 to a high of 43,991 in Beverly Hills 4 (Figure
1a). Fessenden 7 had the second highest population and the largest
population growth since 1996. Most neighbourhoods remained relatively
constant in population size.
Valley Park 5 had the highest percentage of children less than
15 years of age (24.6%), while Dundurn 12 had the lowest (12.2%).
Centremount 10 had the largest percentage of seniors aged 65 years
and over (19.7%); Valley Park 5 had the lowest (7.9%) (Figure
1b). The percentage of seniors aged 85 and over was more variable
with the highest percentages in Dundurn 11 (2.6%), Dundurn 12 (2.6%)
and Gibson 15 (2.4%), and the lowest percentage in Valley Park 5
(0.6%) (Figure 1c).
Marital Status and Families
Dundurn 12, Gibson 15 and Gibson 16 had high proportions of single
people, separated people, lone parent families and seniors living
alone. On the other hand, Valley Park 5 and Fessenden 7 had high
proportions of married people and large household sizes.
Dundurn 12 had the highest percentage of single people aged 15
years and over (44.7%), whereas Beverly Hills 3 had the lowest (23.9%).
Beverly Hills 3 had the highest percentage of married people (62.3%)
and Dundurn 12 had the lowest (31.9%). The percentages of separated
or divorced people varied from 7.1% in Fessenden 7 to 15.5% in Gibson
16. The percentage of widowed people varied from 4.4% in Valley
Park 5 to 9.7% in Gibson 15 (Figure
McQuesten 14, Gibson 15 and Gibson 16 had high percentages of lone
parent families (above 26%); Beverly Hills 3 had the lowest (9.3%).
Dundurn 12 had a particularly high percentage of seniors living
alone (52.8%) (Figure 2b). Dundurn
12 had the most single person households (52.2%), while Valley Park
5 had the fewest (11.9%). Conversely, Valley Park 5 had the most
households with 4 or more members (42.0%), while Dundurn 12 had
the fewest (9.0%).
Households and Dwellings
The proportion of rented private dwellings varied from a low of
12.5% in Beverly Hills 4 to a high of 77.4% in Dundurn 12 (Figure
3a). Gibson 16 was the oldest neighbourhood with 64.9% of dwellings
built prior to 1946. Fessenden 7 had the most new dwellings with
21.0% built between 1996 and 2001. The proportion of single-detached
houses varied from 14.6% (Dundurn 12) to 77.9% (Beverly Hills 4).
The proportion of apartments with 5 or more storeys varied from
only 1.0% (Fessenden 7) to 58.0% (Dundurn 12) and the proportion
of row houses varied from a very low 0.8% (Dundurn 11) to 21.2%
The neighbourhoods varied considerably on the proportion of adults
with less-than-grade-9 as their highest level of education; Beverly
Hills 3 had the fewest (3.9%) and Gibson 15 had the most (20.7%)
There was even more variation on the proportion of adults with a
university level of education; McQuesten 14 had the fewest (6.2%)
and Dundurn 11 had the most (44.4%) (Figure
4b). Gibson 15 had the highest percentage of people between
the ages of 15 and 24 not in school (54.0%); Dundurn 11 had the
lowest percentage not in school (27.2%).
Employment and Income
The percentage of people in the labour force varied from 54.5%
in Gibson 15 to 73.5% in Valley Park 5, and the percentage of people
unemployed varied from 2.8% in Beverly Hills 3 to 10.6% in Gibson
15. The percentage of persons with low-income varied even more,
from a low of 6.1% in Beverly Hills 3 to 42.9% in Gibson 15 (Figure
5a). Dundurn 12 (41.3%) and Gibson 16 (37.4%) also had high
percentages of persons with low income. Average household income
varied from $34,000 in Gibson 15 to $83,300 in Beverly Hills 3.
The greatest variation in a particular occupation across neighbourhoods
for males was for Teachers and Professors, which were highest in
Dundurn 11 (8.2%) and Fessenden 8 (7.2%) and lowest in McQuesten
14 (0.3%). The proportion of the male labour force working as Trades
Helpers, Construction and Transportation Labourers and Related Occupations
was highest in Gibson 15 (9.3%) and lowest in Fessenden 8 (1.5%).
For females, the most widely varying occupation was Teachers and
Professors, which was highest in Dundurn 11 (11.0%) and Fessenden
8 (10.1%) and lowest in McQuesten 14 (1.1%).
The neighbourhood providing the least unpaid child care was Dundurn
12 (23.6% of adults), while the neighbourhood providing the most
was Valley Park 5 (46.3%). The least unpaid care or assistance to
seniors was provided by residents of Gibson 15 (10.1%), while the
neighbourhood providing the most was Beverly Hills 4 (23.5%) (Figure
Immigration and Language
The largest immigrant population was in Eastdale 2, while the smallest
immigrant population was in Beverly Hills 3 (Figure
7a). Beverly Hills 3 also had the fewest non-Canadian residents
(2.4%), while Dundurn 12 had the most (17.1%). Italian was the most
common home language other than English in the City of Hamilton.
Italian as a home language was common in Eastdale 1, Eastdale 2,
Valley Park 6, Fessenden 7, Centremount 9, Centremount 10, McQuesten
13 and McQuesten 14. Polish as a home language was prevalent in
Valley Park 5, McQuesten 13, McQuesten 14 and Gibson 16. Portuguese
was common in Fessenden 7, Dundurn 12 and Gibson 15. Chinese was
concentrated in Fessenden 8, Dundurn 11 and Dundurn 12. The percentage
of people who could not conduct a conversation in English or French
was the lowest in Beverly Hills 4 and the highest in Gibson 15 with
Eastdale 1, Eastdale 2 and Dundurn 12 also having relatively high
percentages (Figure 7b).
Difficulty with daily activities was particularly low in Beverly
Hills 3 (9.5%), Beverly Hills 4 (11.2%) and Valley Park 5 (10.1%)
and highest in McQuesten 14 (20.0%). Eastdale 2 (18.6%), Centremount
10 (19.1%), Dundurn 12 (18.8%), Gibson 15 (19.2%) and Gibson 16
(18.2%) also had high percentages of people having difficulty with
daily activities (Figure 8a).
Reduced activity because of a physical condition, mental condition
or health problem showed a similar pattern across the neighbourhoods.
HEALTH CARE UTILIZATION
Hospital Admissions and Emergency
In 2001 and 2002, the highest average yearly rates of hospital
admissions were for the residents of Dundurn 12 (120.5 per 1,000
population) and Gibson 15 (117.4 per 1,000 population) (Figure
9a). The lowest hospital admission rate per 1,000 population
was for Beverly Hills 4 (76.6). Based on hospital admissions in
2001 and 2002, Dundurn 12 had the highest expected number of home
care days (263 per 1,000 population), while Valley Park 5 had the
lowest (157 per 1,000 population) (Figure
Community Care Access Centre (CCAC)
There was substantial variation in the number of CCAC clients per
1,000 population by neighbourhood in the fiscal year 2003-2004 (Figure
10a). The most clients per 1,000 population were in Fessenden
8 (49.6) and Gibson 15 (44.1), while Eastdale1 (26.5) and Fessenden
7 (23.2) had the fewest. When the effect of the age and sex distribution
of the neighbourhood population was removed, the rates of home care
utilization per 1,000 did not vary as widely. The relative positions
of the neighbourhoods did not change greatly, except for Valley
Park 5 where the rate increased substantially because of its young
population (Figure 10b).